According to the research study, Is Legal Pot Crippling Mexican Drug Trafficking Organizations? The Effect of Medical Marijuana Laws on US Crime, when a state on the Mexican border legalised medical use of the drug, violent criminal activity fell by 13% usually. The majority of the marijuana consumed in the US comes from Mexico, where 7 significant cartels manage the illicit drug trade. ” These laws enable local farmers to grow marijuana that can then be offered to dispensaries where it is offered lawfully,” stated the economic expert Evelina Gavrilova, among the research study’s authors. “These growers remain in direct competition with Mexican drug cartels that are smuggling the marijuana into the US. As an outcome, the cartels get much less business.”
The ripple effect is a decrease in levels of drug-related violence. “The cartels remain in competition with one another,” Gavrilova discussed. “They contend for area, but it’s also simple to take item from the other cartels and sell it themselves, so they defend the item. They also need to protect their area and guarantee there are no spectators, no witnesses to the activities of the cartel. ” Whenever there is a medical marijuana law we observe that criminal activity at the border reduces because all of a sudden there is a lot less smuggling and a lot less violence related to that.”
While the Mexican cartels smuggle other drugs such as cocaine, heroine and metamphetamine throughout the border, the marketplace for marijuana is the biggest drug market in the US and the one from which the cartels can make the fattest earnings. It costs around $75 to produce a pound of marijuana in Mexico, which can then be offered on for $6,000 depending upon the quality. Gavrilova, together with fellow scientists Takuma Kamada and Floris Zoutman, studied information from the FBI’s consistent criminal offense reports and extra murder records covering 1994 to 2012. They found that amongst the border mentions the impact of the change in law was biggest in California, where there was a decrease of 15% in violent criminal offense, and weakest in Arizona, where there was a fall of 7%. The criminal activities most highly impacted were break-in, which fell by 19%, and murder, which came by 10%. Murders particularly associated to the drug trade fell by an impressive 41%.
The authors declare their research study offers new insights into approaches to minimize violent criminal offense associated to drug trafficking. But its publication comes as the US attorney general of the United States, Jeff Sessions, is rescinding the Obama-era policy that introduced the medical marijuana laws. ” When the result on criminal offense is so considerable, it’s undoubtedly much better to control marijuana and enable people to pay taxes on it instead of make it prohibited,” Gavrilova stated. “For me it’s a no brainer that it ought to be legal and must be controlled, and the earnings go to the Treasury.” More than 20 states throughout the US have actually executed medical marijuana laws up until now. In those that have, there is now one marijuana dispensary for every single 6 routine drug stores. The research study recommends that the complete legalisation of marijuana in Colorado and Washington will have an even more powerful effect on the drug trade as massive marijuana production centers are set up in these states, even more threatening the position of drug cartels.
Anecdotal proof recommends the cartels are now aiming to get into the legal marijuana business in California by opening their own farms. Others are relying on human trafficking and kidnapping to fortify their falling revenues. There are also reports that some cartels are changing to new kinds of drug growing by growing poppies in Mexico to produce their own heroin instead of importing it from Afghanistan.